Interest Charged on Margin Loans

When calculating rates, keep in mind that IUR uses a fixed rate based on the below table for each currency.
The fixed rate on which interest is based may change from time to time without prior notification to clients. Such adjustments are done periodically to adjust for changes in currency rates.

When determining the quoted spread, IUR will factor in the rate provided by our clearing firm, who operate a blended interest rate on margin loan. This blended rate is added to our margin loan rate.

IUR accrues interest on a daily basis and posts actual interest monthly on the third business day of the following month.

USD3.5% + Clearing Firm Interest

Reference Benchmark Rates

IUR’s benchmark for each currency is the reference rate around which our credit, debit, stock loan and other interest rate linked calculations are determined. IUR uses a combination of internationally recognized reference rates (such as LIBOR and Fed Funds), bank deposit rates, and dynamic interbank rates determined from foreign exchange and money markets to calculate an IUR Reference Benchmark rate.

CurrencyDescription for Effective Date: Rate
USDReference Benchmark USD0.050%

Earn Market Rate Interest on Your Uninvested Cash Balances

Client accounts are eligible to receive credit interest on long settled cash balances in their securities accounts.
Accounts with a Net Asset Value (NAV) of USD 100,000 (or equivalent) or more are paid interest at the full rate for which they are eligible.

Interest accrues and is payable daily. IUR posts the interest payments on a monthly basis on the third business day of the following month.



Step 1

At the end of every day, IUR will obtain the following balances in each currency:

  • Ending Settled Cash balance in the securities account segment
  • Ending Settled Cash balance in the commodities account segment
  • Collateral balance for settled short stock positions
  • Ending Settled Cash balance in the clearing segment
  • Commodity risk margin requirement
  • Adjustment For Securities Deficit

The cash balances are reported on the Daily Statement under Ending Settled Cash. The commodity risk margin requirement is the Maintenance Margin Requirement as reported on the daily Margin Report minus the total commodity option value. The AdjustmentForSecuritiesDeficit is calculated as follows:

Minimum(-Minimum(EndingSettledCash_Securities + EndingSettledCash_of seperate clearing segment,0), EndingSettledCash_Commodities – CommodityRiskMargin)

The purpose of the AdjustmentForSecuritiesDeficit is to determine the value of the excess commodities funds which will be used to offset negative balances in any other segment.

The collateral balance per short stock is calculated by multiplying the prior day’s closing price by an adjustment factor based on the currency, rounding this value up, then multiplying by the number of shares.

For example, the collateral balance on a USD-denominated security would be:

Collateral Balance = (stock A prior day closing price x 102%, rounded up to the nearest 1.00) x (number of shares stock A) + (stock B prior day closing price x 102%, rounded up) x (number of shares stock B)

The adjustments utilized by IUR are as follows:

USD-denominated stock – multiply by 102%, round up to nearest 1.00

Step 2

IUR will obtain the USD-equivalent Net Asset Value in the account, consolidating the equity across the combined clearing accounts where possible. The Net Asset Value (NAV) is reflected in the daily account statement under the same name.

For the purposes of crediting interest on either long settled cash balances or short stock collateral values, accounts with a Net Asset Value (NAV) of USD 100,000 (or equivalent) or more are paid interest at the full rate for which they are eligible. Accounts with NAV of less than USD 100,000 (or equivalent) receive interest at rates proportional to the size of the account. For example, an account with a NAV of USD 50,000 earns credit interest at a rate equal to one-half the rate paid by IUR to accounts with a NAV of USD 100,000 or more.

For example, if an account holds

  • Settled Long Cash 370,000 EUR
  • Settled Short Cash (370,000) USD

Calculate the USD-equivalent of the EUR balance = 370,000 x 1.2 = 444,000

Calculate the USD NAV = 444,000 – 370,000 = 74,000

As the account would have NAV less than USD 100,000, a proportionate amount of interest would be paid on the long EUR cash balance. Interest would be debited on the short USD cash balance.

Step 3

IUR calculates an Adjusted Cash Balance for the Securities and separate clearing segments as well an Adjusted Cash Balance for the Commodity segment. This is done using the following formula:

AdjustedCashSecurities+separate clearing segment= EndingSettledCash_Securities + AdjustmentForSecuritiesDeficit + EndingSettledCash_ separate clearing segment – ShortStockCollateralValue

AdjustedCashCommodities = EndingSettledCash_Commodities – CommodityRiskMargin – AdjustmentForSecuritiesDeficit

Step 4

IUR will then determine how much of the AdjustedCashSecurities+ separate clearing segment balance should be applied to each rate tier.

Finally, we calculate the interest using the applicable rates.

No interest will be paid on excess funds in the commodities segment (AdjustmentCashCommodities). In the event negative interest rates apply, interest will be charged on long balances in the commodities segment.
The numberOfDaysInYear are based on industry standards for money market activity.

  • 365: USD cash balances held in a Bank Deposit Sweep Program.


Accruals will be posted to the applicable account segment as follows:

If the adjusted cash balances of the security, commodity and separate clearing segments are the same sign (i.e. all positive or all negative), the interest will be paid to the securities and separate clearing segments on pro-rata basis while no interest will accrue on the commodity balance. If the cash balances of the security and separate clearing segments are of opposite sign the interest of the Integrated Investment account will accrue to the segment with the higher balance.

The results of the above calculations are booked to a special “Accrued Cash” sub-account, one for each currency. Accrued Cash has the following features and functions:

  • FUNDS FOR TRADING: accrued cash is applied to trading balances, both positively and negatively.
  • WITHDRAWALS: accrued cash does not affect Settled Cash balances and therefore cannot be withdrawn. Positive accrued cash balances do not increase the available funds for withdrawal. However, negative accrued cash will reduce the funds available for withdrawal. This avoids the problem of having closed accounts with negative balances.
  • PATTERN DAY TRADING: accrued cash does not count toward Pattern Day Trading minimum balance requirements.

Each day, the new calculations for accrued interest are added to the cumulative accrued cash balances from the previous day.

Statements: Whenever the balance of accrued cash exceeds USD 1.00 (or equivalent), we will show the accrual on the Daily Statement. Accruals smaller than USD 1.00 are recorded in the IUR systems but are not reported on the statements.

Final Posting

At the end of the month, or within the first few days of the following month, IUR follows these steps:

  1. IUR recalculates all the interest amounts using the calculations above. The new calculation is usually identical to the original cash accruals but may vary by small amounts due to corrections in settled balances or rates.
  2. IUR determines the cumulative accrued cash for the previous month as the sum of the individual days.
  3. IUR reverses this amount in the Accrued Cash sub-account at the beginning of the following month. For example, if the accrued cash balance for July was positive, we apply a debit charge to accrued cash in early August.
  4. Simultaneously, we book the final interest calculation from Step 1 above to the regular cash account. In effect, Steps 3 and 4 above convert “pending cash” to “actual cash.”
  5. These transactions 2 are reported on the Monthly Statement.

Trade Date versus Settlement Date (or Value Date)

In most large financial transactions, there is a time delay between the date on which the transaction is agreed to, and the date on which it settles, i.e., when the actual payment occurs. In the case of stocks (for example US stocks) there is a two-business day settlement period. If the trade is executed on a Monday, under normal settlement conditions the actual transfer of money occurs on Wednesday. If the trade occurs on Thursday, two-business days later crosses the weekend so normal settlement is the following Monday. Exchange and banking holidays the fall within the settlement period will push back the settlement date.

Why is the Settlement Date Important?

Only settled money is considered for interest rate purposes. When one buys stock, one retains the rights to interest on the money until settlement date. Similarly, sellers only start to receive interest beginning on settlement date.

Settlement Dating is generally a minor consideration for stock, option, and future traders. However, due to the large amounts of capital involved, understanding the concept of Settlement Dating is critical to FOREX and fixed income (bond or money market) traders.


  1. The new accrued cash shown after the above postings may not be zero. The residual balances reflect the continuing accruals for the first days of the current month. For example, if IUR processes the final interest calculation on August 6, Accrued Cash will still show the activity from August 1 through August 6.
  2. Interest will not accrue or be paid to the commodity segment of the account. Both credit and debit interest will accrue and pay to/from the securities and IBUKL segments.
  3. The calculated interest per tier will be rounded to the nearest 0.01 (or 1 for JPY). Therefore, a calculated interest of USD 0.0051 will be rounded to 0.01.

Example 1: An Easy to Borrow or General Collateral Stock

There are two factors for daily cost/revenues associated with short selling of stocks and bonds at IUR:

  • Borrow Fee
  • Short Sale Proceeds interest paid to you by IUR
Sell Short 100 AAPL

Stock Borrow Fee

TWS shows the following data for AAPL. The Fee rate* column reflects the Borrow Fee the account will be charged and shown on the account statement.

*TWS Fee rates are indicative intraday and may change due to market conditions between trade execution and settlement.

*TWS Fee rates are indicative intraday and may change due to market conditions between trade execution and settlement.


Value Date
Rates are based on a one-day look-back. The statement above is as of 6/21/2017 with a value date of 6/20/2017. That means the fee is being charged for holding the stock over market close on 6/20/2017.

This is the cash collateral mark used to calculate interest.

Collateral cash value.

Fee Rate (%)
The annualized percentage borrow fee the account is charged.

Borrow Fee
The cash amount the account will be charged to borrow AAPL for 6/20/2017.

Short Sale Proceeds Interest

IUR pays interest on Short Sale Proceeds based on the following schedule, calculated on the total short balance of the account.

The Short Sale Proceeds Interest rate that IUR would pay an account with a short balance of USD 5,000,000 is 0.628% (assuming the benchmark is 1.16%), computed as a weighted average of the tiers.

Net Cost

The net cost/revenue to short AAPL for an account with USD 5,000,000 in short balances is a credit of 0.378%, or USD 0.15 per day, as illustrated in this chart: